What is tweed fabric? Learn about tweed fabrics

Tweed fabric is a warm, good-keeping material. In the early days, tweed fabric was woven from pure coarse wool and now it is combined with other materials such as mohair or cashmere. Tweed is also known as a thick, waterproof material specialized in making jackets and warm clothing. The person who is credited with transforming tweed from the common worker’s material to the high-end material in fashion for the business world is COCO CHANEL.

Tweed Fabric Characteristics

– Tweed fabric has a very tight weaving method.
Derived from natural wool fibers, it is biodegradable and hypoallergenic.
Tweed fabric is exceptionally durable and strong.
Its insulating properties give tweed a pretty good keep-warm property.
– Tweed fibers are moisture resistant.
– Fabric surface is usually rough.
– Has natural anti-wrinkles.

Tweed

Tweed fabric origin

Tweed fabrics have appeared hundreds of years ago, but few people know the origin of this fabric comes from the poor working lands in cold Scotland. Tweed fabric is born by the skillful hands and talent of the local weavers here. From pure wool fibers combined with special weaving techniques, very warm and thick fabric is produced. The weather in Scotland is very cold, people here often suffer from the cold, so this material is their savior. Its insulation properties, coupled with its wind resistance, are suitable for the cold and wet climate of the British Isles.

As a matter of fact, the Tweed name was the result of a simple error on a bill for a London cloth merchant. The original name of this fabric was Tweel, in Scottish it was Twill. The merchant said that Tweed is a brand name derived from River Tweed – one of the rivers of Scotland. That’s how tweel becomes Tweed.

Evolution of tweed fabric

In 1848, the Prince of Great Britain, Albert, acquired the Farguharsons, Balmoral estate in Scotland. When wearing a twewd fabric shirt for hunting, noticed its outstanding advantages such as its properties against the wind, water, etc. The prince loved this material very much and ordered to use this fabric for all pages. his hunting gear and his entourage.
Outer jacket design with characteristic Balmoral motifs, close to nature, very suitable for outdoor activities. Tweed clothing became popular in all sports and outdoor hunting activities of the British aristocracy. For at the time, the British aristocracy and the middle class wanted to follow the trend set by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. So it wasn’t long before the style of tweed became the most popular trend, and until now it still doesn’t stop.

By the end of the 18th century, garment production had become an established industry in the home town of Tweed fabric and people began to export it to the continents.

With the endless creativity with the legendary designer hands Coco Chanel, the tweed fabric has become the most premium fabric for the elite with a hefty price tag. And since then, tweed fabric is one of the preferred materials to create the most fashionable and noble outfits in fashion.

From the 1920s, the famous fashion designer Coco Chanel was known for tweed fabric. Interestingly, her tweed inspiration came from a man. The story is that after borrowing her lover’s sweatpants, at that time a duke in Westminster, Chanel accidentally realized the softness, suppleness, and delicate weaving of the garment. those pants. Since then, she learned about this fabric, and the ideas of making this new fabric sparked her thoughts. It was her burning desire to conquer. Transforming raw materials which are woven very rough into modern and delicate designs for ladies at that time.

Contrary to the constraint by the designer Dior’s contemporary t-shirt, the design of the fashion house Coco Chanel on tweed material allows women to comfortably operate and move, while still creating a shape. elegance and nobility. With a solid, seasoned form combining modern round neck details with delicate seams. It is one of the most iconic and desirable fashion pieces for every woman around the globe. This stunning design peaked in the 1950s, marking the role and transformation of the person. women in that society.

To this day, at the House of Lesage, the tailors working for Chanel are still recreating tweed fabrics every season. Their tweed patterns are carefully hand-woven and tightly controlled. In addition to the intricate fibers commonly added to weave, fabric manufacturers also use ribbons, sequins, and tassels to create exclusive weave designs.

Tweed fabric is a part of Chanel’s brand history, is an honorable symbol placed in the House of Lesage of Chanel – the world’s leading exhibition of fashion brands’ creation and development.

The specialty of tweed fabric

Tweed’s uniqueness is determined by three design characteristics that are the ingenious use of color, the use of pure wool, and the uniqueness of the texture.

Tweed has many weaving ways, its essence is made by weaving yarns of different sizes, colors, and even materials to form a complex yet harmonious whole and very attractive.

Tweed fabric will have two layers of yarn. The longitudinally woven layer is the base, the fibers are woven horizontally overlap to create different weave styles, very rich creating very special fabrics in color and density. That is what makes tweed fabrics different than other fabrics.

Most Tweed fabrics are made of wool. But there are also manufactured silk tweed fabrics, which have characteristics similar to wool fibers not only in the woven structure but also in yarn roughness and color combinations. Silk tweed is much lighter than wool and is used as gentle outerwear in the warm spring weather. Silk tweed is more often used in women’s fashion than in men’s. Today, the number of tweed fabrics is increasing, including a blend of wool, cotton, cashmere, alpaca, flax, viscose, rayon, and other synthetic fibers, each with a unique character.

The popularity of Tweed fabric

In the 20th century, Tweed fabric was reintroduced by Coco Chanel with the Linton suit and soon after being released, the tweed fabric caused a whirlwind in the fashion industry at that time with very strong intensity.
At that time Ina Clare, a famous actress appeared on the cover of a magazine in a brown Tweed dress with luxurious golden shades of gold. From the cover of that magazine, Tweed fabric fashion has invaded all the fashion trends, the spreading power spread throughout the fashion shops.

So far, this material still maintains the heat as well as attracts many women from the popular to the high-end. With the ability to flexibly transform, meet all styles, needs, and circumstances of users, along with diverse designs with various styles, colors, and tweed fabrics have gradually conquered the fruit. the heart of many fashion lovers. From long coats to short skirts, from vest to modern shorts, the tweed fabric brings elegance and confidence to the person wearing them.

Types of tweed fabric

– Tweed Cheviot

The name of this fabric is named after the Cheviot sheep display. A type of tweed that is soft compared to other types of tweed but still has the hardness just enough for sewing, has a gloss, and is very durable. The ideal hardness and durability make it a perfect material for great outerwear.

– Tweed Shetland
Tweed Shetland was originally woven from wool raised on islands of the same name. Wool from the extremely fine Shetland sheep is extremely soft, delicate and a little ruffled.

– Tweed Donegal


Tweed Donegal is a coarse tweed fabric that blends many colors in each fabric. This fabric is native to the Irish island of Donegal. It has a loosely woven texture, giving a rustic look that is unique in this fabric.

– Tweed Sachsen

Tweed Sachsen is produced in the UK from high-quality merino wool. The scare is quite soft with a smooth, short coat It is used to make sports vests and outdoor activities extremely comfortable.

– Tweed Gamekeeper
This is a tweed that is heavier than conventional tweed fabrics. It is characterized by better insulation, better keeping warm on cold days. Tweed Gamekeeper fabric has a variety of colors, patterns, and weaving styles.

– Tweed Thornproof


Tweed Thornproof is woven with highly twisted fibers to characterize the fabric as being very strong and water-resistant. An interesting feature of this fabric is that it has a “self-repair” mode. If you accidentally get a hole through the fabric by a thin sharp object, all you need to do is rub the fabric with your fingers and the hole will disappear.

The most famous Tweed fabric

Harris Tweed is the most famous tweed fabric that is handcrafted in the homes of people living in an area called The Outer Lands of Scotland, on the Harris, Lewis, Uist, and Barr Islands. They use 100% pure wool for weaving and the dyes are mainly organic plants.

Harris Tweed is the only fabric with a protection law in the industry. For the control and protection of fabrics and against fakes, the Harris Tweed Orb certification mark was created in 1909 – Britain’s oldest trademark – with the claim that only fabrics were woven in the Outer Hebrides can be qualified.


How to preserve tweed fabric

Tweed fabric is better to be dry cleaned because its main ingredient is natural wool.
– A spot cleaning with a mild detergent is the best option for most tweed stains.
– If you wash by machine, put it in a mesh bag for the best fabric protection.
– Special note with tweed fabrics should never be rubbed.
Tweed fabrics will sometimes stretch when dried, so hang these carefully. It is recommended to use a thick or padded hook (dedicated hook) to hang. With fabric pants, you can fold them, not hang.
– Tweed fabrics should be stored in an environment with relative humidity between 40-50%.
– Before storing it, you should put it in a bag for the best. Avoid the attraction of insects, because tweed is also the preferred material for insects.
– Be sure to read the manufacturer’s label for the best fabric care.

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